Skip to main content

The Bell System Technical Journal (1922-1983)

The scientific discoveries and technological innovations produced by Bell System research and engineering were critical not only to the evolution of global telecommunications but, more widely, they had a considerable impact on the technological base of the global economy and, indeed, on our daily lives.

Bell Labs is the source of many significant contributions, of course, in the area of telephony, but also in memory devices, imaging devices, system organization, computers and software technology, as well as acoustics, optics, switching, transmission, wireless and data communication. New principles, new materials, new devices, and new systems from Bell Telephone Laboratories resulted in new industries, hundreds of new products, and thousands of new jobs. The invention of the transistor in 1947, and subsequent advances in related solid-state device and circuit technology formed the basis of a multibillion dollar global industry and ultimately enabled the digital world. Shannon's seminal paper titled >"A Mathematical Theory of Communication," published over 60 years ago, gave birth to Information Theory and has stood as the guiding foundation for communications scientists and engineers in their quest for faster, more efficient, and more robust communications systems ever since. The charge-coupled device (CCD), a technology that transforms patterns of light into useful digital information, is the basis for many forms of modern digital imaging. It has launched entirely new industries and markets and is widely used in devices as diverse as digital cameras, video cameras, and bar code readers as well as in security monitoring, medical endoscopy, modern astronomy and video conferencing. Optical technology and systems, from earliest advances in lasers to low-loss fiber, opto-electronic waveguide devices, and high capacity WDM transmission systems have enabled worldwide connectivity to build a truly global community. Cellular telephone service, the concept that multiple lower-power transmitters could be spread throughout a region employing automatic call handoff and frequency reuse changed the face of communications. Multiple input multiple output (MIMO) smart antenna technology in concert with LTE, based on OFDM technology, will define next generation wireless, delivering wider coverage and higher throughput.

"Technological innovation" is more than just invention. It is a process, often long and costly, of transforming new scientific knowledge into feasible technology, introducing it to use, and making its benefits available to the public. âTechnical integrationâ is intended to emphasize the more subtle flow of an intangibleâengineering information and understanding. Not only has Bell Labs innovated, but it also showed the world technical integration of the innovations. The Bell System Technical Journal was a key enabler for this achievement.

With this posting of the Bell System Technical Journal from volume 1 issue 1 in July 1922 to the final issue published in December 1983, we are pleased to be able to open the vault of this knowledge to our global technical colleagues.

Rod Alferness
Chief Scientist, Bell Labs

4,426
RESULTS
rss


PART OF
The Magazine Rack
Additional Collections
Media Type
4,426
texts
Topics & Subjects
3,665
system technical
3,615
bell system
694
frequency
683
technical journal
595
bell
558
transmission
More right-solid
Collection
4,426
The Bell System Technical Journal (1922-1983)
4,426
The Magazine Rack
15
Adam Push Favorites
4
iz1mju Favorites
4
jb1234321 Favorites
2
Elsayed Taha Favorites
More right-solid
Language
4,426
English
SHOW DETAILS
up-solid down-solid
eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
Bell System Technical Journal, 23: 3. July 1944 pp 282-332. Mathematical Analysis of Random Noise. (Rice, S.O.)
Topics: random, noise, probability, function, average, theorem, spectrum, interval, density, mathematical,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 30: 1. January 1951 pp 50-64. Prediction and Entropy of Printed English. (Shannon, C.E.)
Topics: entropy, prediction, text, frequencies, probabilities, probability, letters, letter, rectangular,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 37: 3. May 1958 pp 711-718. Measurement of Sheet Resistivities with the Four-Point Probe. (Smits, F.M.)
Topics: resistivities, resistivity, probe, infinite, voltage, finite, measurement, sheet, sample,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 57: 6. July-August 1978 pp 1899-1904. UNIX Time-Sharing System: Forward. (McIlroy, M.D.; Pinson, E.N.; Tague, B.A.)
Topics: unix, system, operating, programs, bell, programming, software, tools, language, program, operating...
Bell System Technical Journal, 3: 2. April 1924 pp 324-346. Certain Factors Affecting Telegraph Speed. (Nyquist, H.)
Topics: wave, current, signal, rectangular, telegraph, voltage, frequency, codes, morse, sine, technical...
Bell System Technical Journal, 28: 4. October 1949 pp 656-715. Communication Theory of Secrecy Systems. (Shannon, C.E.)
Topics: key, secrecy, message, systems, probabilities, system, equivocation, cryptogram, messages, cipher,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 28: 3. July 1949 pp 435-489. The Theory of p-n Junctions in Semiconductors and p-n Junction Transistors. (Shockley, W.)
Topics: current, holes, transition, diffusion, equation, potential, recombination, hole, electron,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 13: 4. October 1934 pp 532-579. The Electromagnetic Theory of Coaxial Transmission Lines and Cylindrical Shields. (Schelkunoff, S.A.)
Topics: impedance, coaxial, electromagnetic, electromotive, surface, conductor, cylindrical, equations,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 8: 4. October 1929 pp 613-631. A Method of Sampling Inspection. (Dodge, H.F.; Romig, H.G.)
Topics: inspection, sampling, tolerance, average, method, defective, acceptance, sample, minimum, pieces,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 39: 4 July 1960 pp 745-808. The Theory and Design of Chirp Radars (Klauder, J.R.; Price, A.C.; Darlington, S.; Albersheim, W.J.)
Topics: signal, chirp, pulse, frequency, network, weighting, amplitude, radars, output, linear, system...
Bell System Technical Journal, 9: 2. April 1930 pp 364-389. Economic Quality Control of Manufactured Product. (Shewhart, W.A.)
Topics: quality, variability, assignable, control, limits, journal, statistical, product, tensile,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 25: 2. April 1946 pp 167-348. The Magnetron as a Generator of Centimeter Waves. (Fisk, J.B.; Hagstrum, H.D.; Hartman, P.L.)
Topics: magnetron, resonator, frequency, anode, output, magnetrons, mode, cathode, magnetic, circuit,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 36: 3. May 1957 pp 593-626. Radio Propagation Fundamentals. (Bullington, Kenneth)
Topics: transmission, antenna, frequency, radio, diffraction, loss, propagation, fading, signal, median,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 39: 4 July 1960 pp 995-1012. Human Factors Engineering Studies of the Design and Use of Pushbutton Telephone Sets (Deininger, R.L.)
Topics: keying, pushbutton, telephone, button, studies, interdigital, key, characteristics, contact, keyed,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 24: 1. January 1945 pp 46-156. Mathematical Analysis of Random Noise . (Rice, S.O.)
Topics: noise, probability, random, function, sin, journal, spectrum, frequency, density, band, random...
Bell System Technical Journal, 57: 6. July-August 1978 pp 1947-1969. UNIX Time-Sharing System: A Retrospective. (Ritchie, D.M.)
Topics: system, unix, file, files, user, bell, program, programs, device, operating, virtual address,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 29: 2. April 1950 pp 147-160. Error Detecting and Error Correcting Codes. (Hamming, R.W.)
Topics: code, error, codes, positions, minimum, single, correcting, parity, check, detecting, code points,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 27: 3. July 1948 pp 379-423. A Mathematical Theory of Communication. (Shannon, C.E.)
Topics: log, probability, channel, entropy, source, probabilities, sequences, symbols, discrete, sequence,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 42: 6. November 1963 pp 2839-2847. Spectral Characteristics of Digit-Stimulating Speech Sounds. (Borenstein, D.P.)
Topics: xxxxxxxx, xxxxx, xxxxxx, iii, ixxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, speech, xxxx, xxx, ixxxxxxxxxxxxxxx...
Bell System Technical Journal, 7: 3. July 1928 pp 535-563. Transmission of Information. (Hartley, R.V.L.)
Topics: transmission, selections, symbols, wave, steady, transmitted, system, frequency, technical journal,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 46: 6. July-August 1967 pp 1055-1133. The Si-SiO2 Interface - Electrical Properties as Determined by the Metal-Insulator-Silicon Conductance Technique. (Nicollian, E.H.; Goetzberger, A.)
Topics: interface, bias, surface, density, capacitance, oxide, conductance, silicon, frequency, measured,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 34: 5. September 1955 pp 1045-1079. A Method for Synthesizing Sequential Circuits. (Mealy, George H.)
Topics: circuit, circuits, input, method, table, rule, combination, sequential, equivalence, synthesis,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 48: 5. May-June 1969 pp 1421-1444. Microstrip Lines for Microwave Integrated Circuits. (Schneider, M.V.)
Topics: microstrip, dielectric, impedance, conductor, strip, transverse, ohm, attenuation, thickness,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 39: 6. November 1960 pp 1381-1444. Signaling Systems for Control of Telephone Switching. (Breen, C.; Dahlbom, C.A.)
Topics: signaling, signal, systems, trunk, transmission, system, signals, switching, dial, pulsing, central...
Bell System Technical Journal, 43: 4. July 1964 pp 1783-1809. Hollow Metallic and Dielectric Waveguides for Long Distance Optical Transmission and Lasers. (Marcatili, E.A.J.; Schmeltzer, R.A.)
Topics: modes, attenuation, dielectric, hollow, guide, curvature, optical, radius, mode, field, optical...
Bell System Technical Journal, 3: 2. April 1924 pp 259-267. A Reactance Theorem. (Foster, Ronald M.)
Topics: reactance, impedance, resonant, network, formulas, networks, theorem, circuits, formula,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 57: 6. July-August 1978 pp 1905-1929. The UNIX Time-Sharing System. (Ritchie, D.M.; Thompson, K.)
Topics: file, system, unix, user, program, files, directory, command, device, programs, operating system,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 19: 1. January 1940 pp 1-39. The Physical Basis of Ferromagnetism. (Bozorth, R.M.)
Topics: magnetic, magnetization, electrons, atoms, nickel, ferromagnetic, electron, atom, ferromagnetism,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 13: 1. January 1934 pp 1-18. Stabilized Feedback Amplifiers. (Black, H.S.)
Topics: feedback, amplifier, gain, amplifiers, output, modulation, amplification, stability, variations,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 32: 2. March 1953 pp 406-424. A Study of Non-Blocking Switching Networks. (Clos, Charles)
Topics: crosspoints, array, switching, equation, intermediary, outputs, inputs, switches, switch, input,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 61: 9. November 1982 pp 2677-2702. D4 Digital Channel Bank Family: The SLC-96 System. (Cho, Y.S.; Olson, J.W.; Williamson, D.H.)
Topics: system, channel, digital, remote, alarm, terminal, loop, battery, test, cot, bank system, pair...
Bell System Technical Journal, 33: 3. May 1954 pp 661-719. Coupled Wave Theory and Waveguide Applications. (Miller, S.E.)
Topics: coupling, wave, coupled, loss, transfer, phase, discrimination, waveguide, constants, mode, bell...
Bell System Technical Journal, 39: 1. January 1960 pp 205-233. Solid Solubilities of Impurity Elements in Germanium and Silicon. (Trumbore, F.A.)
Topics: data, solid, solidus, curve, impurity, solubility, solubilities, germanium, silicon, crystals, bell...
Bell System Technical Journal, 57: 6. July-August 1978 pp 1991-2019. UNIX Time-Sharing System: The C Programming Language. (Ritchie, D.M.; Johnson, S.C.; Lesk, M.E.; Kernighan, B.W.)
Topics: array, language, pointer, function, compiler, variables, bcpl, programming, bell, expression, top...
Bell System Technical Journal, 26: 3. July 1947 pp 460-681. Reflex Oscillators. (Pierce, J.R.; Shepherd, W.G.)
Topics: frequency, reflex, oscillator, voltage, resonator, power, electronic, repeller, drift, admittance,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 1: 2. November 1922 pp 43-55. The Heaviside Operational Calculus. (Carson, John R.)
Topics: operational, solution, heaviside, equations, equation, formula, calculus, integral, asymptotic,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 48: 9. November 1969 pp 2909-2947. Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Hologram Gratings. (Kogelnik, Herwig)
Topics: holograms, grating, diffraction, gratings, equation, dielectric, wave, absorption, bragg, angular,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 40: 1. January 1961 pp 43-63. Prolate Spheroidal Wave Functions, Fourier Analysis and Uncertainty - I. (Slepian, D.; Pollak, H.O. 65-84)
Topics: functions, spheroidal, bandlimited, fourier, eigenvalues, interval, wave, prolate, equation,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 17: 1. January 1938 pp 17-48. The Impedance Concept and its Application to Problems of Reflection, Refraction, Shielding and Power Absorption. (Schelkunoff, S.A.)
Topics: impedance, wave, waves, impedances, reflection, ratio, radial, transmission, field, characteristic,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 11: 1. January 1932 pp 126-147. Regeneration Theory. (Nyquist, H.)
Topics: integral, amplifier, values, expression, lim, curve, network, integration, regeneration, integrand,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 41: 4. July 1962 pp 1295-1336. Prolate Spheroidal Wave Functions, Fourier Analysis and Uncertainty -- III: The Dimension of the Space of Essentially Time- and Band-Limited Signals. (Landau, H.J.; Pollak, H.O.)
Topics: theorem, functions, sin, spheroidal, function, fourier, prolate, lemma, wave, iii, upper half, unit...
Bell System Technical Journal, 35: 4. July 1956 pp 917-926. A New Interpretation of Information Rate. (Kelly, J.L., Jr.)
Topics: bets, gambler, log, transmitted, exponential, probability, rate, symbol, transmission,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 27: 3. July 1948 pp 510-588. The Evolution of the Quartz Crystal Clock. (Marrison, Warren A.)
Topics: quartz, frequency, crystal, resonator, oscillator, clocks, pendulum, clock, bell, accuracy, quartz...
Bell System Technical Journal, 29: 3. July 1950 pp 295-342. Principles and Applications of Waveguide Transmission. (Southworth, George C.)
Topics: wave, force, electric, transmission, waves, waveguide, lines, magnetic, vector, reflection,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 15: 1. January 1936 pp 92-112. Some Equivalence Theorems of Electromagnetics and Their Application to Radiation Problems. (Schelkunoff, S.A.)
Topics: magnetic, electric, current, equivalence, currents, sources, coaxial, field, tangential, radiated,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 49: 5. May-June 1970 pp 827-852. An Integral Charge Control Model of Bipolar Transistors. (Gummel, H.K.; Poon, H.C.)
Topics: base, collector, emitter, model, voltage, charge, parameters, current, capacitance, equation, bell...
Bell System Technical Journal, 27: 4 October 1948 pp 623-656. A Mathematical Theory of Communication (Shannon, C.E.)
Topics: entropy, log, ensemble, probability, functions, power, noise, theorem, function, continuous,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 22: 3. October 1943 pp 393-396. Electromagnetic Waves: Review of S. A. Schelkunoff's Book . (LeCorbeiller, P.)
Topics: wilh, impedance, wave, chapter, iht, ihc, nol, velocity, irom
Bell System Technical Journal, 4: 4. October 1925 pp 685-761. Electric Circuit Theory and the Operational Calculus. (Carson, John R.)
Topics: operational, solution, equation, equations, heaviside, circuit, series, integral, theorem,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 27: 3. July 1948 pp 446-472. Spectra of Quantized Signals. (Bennett, W.R.)
Topics: signal, frequency, quantizing, quantized, signals, band, distortion, sampling, input, spectra,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 47: 6. July-August 1968 pp 957-1000. A Statistical Theory of Mobile-Radio Reception. (Clarke, R.H.)
Topics: mobile, antenna, spectrum, frequency, signal, random, autocovariance, function, equation,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 58: 1. January 1979 pp 15-41. Advanced Mobile Phone Service: The Cellular Concept. (MacDonald, V.H.)
Topics: cell, cellular, cells, mobile, site, channels, system, channel, directional, sites, cell radius,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 16: 4. October 1937 pp 493-512. The Dielectric Properties of Insulating Materials. (Murphy, E.J.; Morgan, S.O.)
Topics: dielectric, polarizations, polarization, frequency, dispersion, atomic, dipole, constant,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 22: 1. January 1943 pp 80-107. A Mathematical Theory of Linear Arrays. (Schelkunoff, S.A.)
Topics: array, arrays, linear, elements, nulls, sin, null, radiation, amplitudes, equispaced, system...
Bell System Technical Journal, 4: 3. July 1925 pp 349-354. Oliver Heaviside. (Gill, F.)
Topics: heaviside, inductance, waves, telegraph, oliver, coils, engineers, electrical, propagation,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 27: 1. January 1948 pp 58-82. Metallic Delay Lenses. (Kock, Winston E.)
Topics: lens, dielectric, lenses, metallic, delay, sphere, refraction, conducting, wavelength, dipole,...
The Bell System Technical Journal (1922-1983)
texts
eye 428
favorite 0
comment 2
Bell System Technical Journal, 1: 1. July 1922 pp 1-3. Forward.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: scientific, journal, communication, electrical, technical, articles, industries, methods, bell,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 48: 7. September 1969 pp 2071-2102. Dielectric Rectangular Waveguide and Directional Coupler for Integrated Optics. (Marcatili, E.A.J.)
Topics: modes, dielectric, guide, refractive, equations, propagation, coupling, guides, waveguide, field,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 1: 2. November 1922 pp 1-32. Physical Theory of the Electric Wave-Filter. (Campbell, George A.)
Topics: artificial, impedance, impedances, formulas, lattice, bands, frequencies, iterative, attenuation,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 31: 1. January 1952 pp 1-31. The Ferromagnetic Faraday Effect at Microwave Frequencies and its Applications: The Microwave Gyrator. (Hogan, C.L.)
Topics: magnetic, gyrator, ferromagnetic, field, wave, resonance, polarized, rotation, microwave, faraday,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 16: 2. April 1937 pp 144-164. Crosstalk Between Coaxial Transmission Lines. (Schelkunoff, S.A.; Odarenko, T.M.)
Topics: crosstalk, coaxial, impedance, transmission, outer, conductors, mutual, circuit, expression,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 28: 1. January 1949 pp 59-98. The Synthesis of Two Terminal Switching Circuits. (Shannon, Claude E.)
Topics: functions, variables, function, theorem, switching, network, elements, circuits, circuit,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 20: 4. October 1941 pp 415-433. The History of Electrical Resonance. (Blanchard, Julian)
Topics: resonance, electrical, patent, circuit, spark, leyden, condenser, alternating, discharge, current,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 43: 4. July 1964 pp 1311-1338. Electron Tubes for the SD Submarine Cable System. (Holdaway, V.L.; Van Haste, W. ; Walsh, E.J.)
Topics: tube, tubes, cathode, cable, heater, amplifier, voltage, electron, system, reliability, amplifier...
Bell System Technical Journal, 36: 1 January 1957 pp 293-326. Route Selection and Cable Laying for the Transatlantic Cable System (Jack, J.S.; Leech, Capt. W.H.; Lewis, H.A.)
Topics: cable, repeater, laying, cables, repeaters, route, submarine, clarenville, system, miles, cable...
Bell System Technical Journal, 5: 4. October 1926 pp 539-554. Wave Propagation in Overhead Wires with Ground Return. (Carson, John R.)
Topics: impedance, ground, propagation, mutual, wire, surface, formulas, axial, electric, wave, mutual...
Bell System Technical Journal, 35: 2. March, 1956 pp 333-347. Electrolytic Shaping of Germanium and Silicon. (Uhlir, A., Jr.)
Topics: electrolytic, tlie, electrolyte, barrier, germanium, etch, current, etching, etch pits, tho
Bell System Technical Journal, 11: 3. July 1932 pp 411-450. Transmission Lines for Short-Wave Radio Systems. (Sterba, E.J.; Feldman, C.B.)
Topics: lines, impedance, transmission, conductor, radio, attenuation, radiated, concentric,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 38: 6 November 1959 pp 1551-1580. Some Design Considerations for High-Frequency Transistor Amplifiers (Thomas, D.E.)
Topics: transistor, amplifier, feedback, gain, impedance, emitter, circuit, common, input, amplifiers,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 27: 3. July 1948 pp 487-509. Methods of Electromagnetic Field Analysis. (Schelkunoff, S.A.)
Topics: equations, transmission, electromagnetic, network, impedance, magnetic, field, modes, wave,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 31: 4 July 1952 pp 784-801. Generalized Telegraphist's Equations for Waveguides (Schelkunoff, S.A.)
Topics: equations, modes, generalized, waveguide, coupling, isotropic, grad, flux, waveguides,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 41: 3. May 1962 pp 877-884. On Non-Computable Functions. (Rado, T.)
Topics: turing, computable, entries, valid, score, entry, machine, binary, binary turing, functions, bell...
Bell System Technical Journal, 29: 2. April 1950 pp 189-250. Traveling-Wave Tubes (Second Installment). (Pierce, J.R.)
Topics: field, circuit, phase, resonators, circuits, stored, frequency, velocity, electron, transverse,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 2: 1. January 1923 pp 1-46. Theory and Design of Uniform and Composite Electric Wave-filters. (Zobel, Otto J.)
Topics: impedance, impedances, transmitting, frequency, equivalent, frequencies, shunt, series, constant,...
Bell System Technical Journal, 40: 2. March 1961 pp 453-488. Resonant Modes in a Maser Interferometer. (Fox, A.G.; Li, Tingye)
Topics: modes, mode, mirrors, plane, field, circular, phase, interferometer, confocal, mirror, normal...